Right to Information Act -Juvenile Welfare

Chapter 1

1.1       BACKGROUND
           
 The Right to information Act.2005 No.22 of 2005 received the assent of the President of India on the 15th June 2005. The Act is to provide for setting out the practical regime of Right to Information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of Public Authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, the Constitution of a Central Information Commission and State Information Commissions and for matters connected there which are incidental thereto. The Act extends to the whole of India except the state of Jammu & Kashmir.

1.2       OBJECTIVE OF INFORMATION HANDBOOK

            Under Section 4 (1) (b) of the RTI Act 2005, casts an obligation on every Public Authority to publish information on 17 Manuals referred to their in  within the expiry of 120 days, from the date of enactment of the Act. To comply with, this Information Hand Book is published for the use of public.

1.3       USERS OF THE HAND BOOK
            Citizens, Civil Society Organizations, Public Representatives, Officers and Employees of Public Authorities including Public Information Officers and Assistant Public Information Officers and Appellate Officers, Central and State Information Commissions etc., are the uses of this hand book.

1.4       JUVENILE WELFARE, CORRECTIONAL SERVICES & WELFARE OF STREET CHILDREN
            DEPARTMENT

1) JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE & PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) ACT 2000 R/W AMENDMENT ACT 2006
Department of Juvenile Welfare, Correctional Services & Welfare of Street Children, A.P., Hyderabad  is functioning under Administrative control of Women Development, Child Welfare and Disabled Welfare at State Level and under the Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India.  

It is an act to consolidate and amend the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, by providing for proper care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs and by adopting a child-friendly approach in the adjudication and disposition of matters in the best interest of children and for their ultimate rehabilitation and matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.  The Govt. of A.P. have issued the A.P. Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Rules 2003. This act is implemented under the scheme of Govt. of India “A Programme for Juvenile Justice” on a 50:50 cost sharing  basis.  Basing on the modal rules of new amendment Act of 2006 issued by Ministry of Women and Child Development Department Government of India, the A.P. State rules are to be issued shortly.

This Act is meant for Juveniles in conflict with law and Children in need of care and protection who have not completed 18 years of age.  This Department maintains various homes under the Act by extending services which includes shelter, food, clothing, education, vocational training, medical care, recreation, councelling and rehabilitation etc., as per the provisions of Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act 2000.

  1. PROBATION OF OFFENDERS ACT 1958

            This is a non-institutional service. The act provides for the release of offenders on probation or after due admonition and for matters connected there with.  The Govt. of A.P. issued AP Probation of Offenders Rules 1963.  This act is meant for taking care of Probationers (under PO Act) ex-convicts (under Prisons Act), Ex-pupil (under JJ Act), Ex-inmates (under BS Act) by providing counselling & guidance so that they are not inclined to revert to crime.  The services under the Act includes rehabilitation through District Probation Advisory Committee chaired by District Collector.

3)    SCHEME FOR THE WELFARE OF STREET CHILDREN:
This is a Govt. of India Scheme in the NGO Sector.  The Government of India provides 90% of  project expenditure to the voluntary organizations running street children projects and the remaining 10% is born by the organization.  Voluntary organizations having 3 years of experience in the field are eligible for financial assistance.  The applications for grant-in-aid by the organizations are referred to concerned District Collectors for inspection and recommendation and forwarded the proposals to the Ministry of Women & Child Development Govt. of India through Women Development, Child Welfare and Disabled Welfare Dept., of State Government

FUNCTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT 

            The following are the functions of the Department

  • Planning, direction, co-ordination, controlling, supervising and guiding the activities in the field of Juvenile Justice and Probation Services.
  • Formulating progressive policies for implementation of Juvenile Justice Services. 
  • Implementing Government policies regarding Juvenile Justice.
  • Preparing Plan and non-plan schemes for the development of the JJ & PO Services. 
  • Monitoring and  supervision of juvenile justice programmes. 
  • Departmental audit of Juvenile Justice Institutions and activities. 
  • Training of both Governmental and voluntary functionaries engaged in Juvenile Justice activities. 
  • Preparation of annual reports and compilation of statistics and research evaluation.
  • Monotoring the Scheme of Welfare of Street Children