Right to Information Act -Juvenile Welfare

Chapter5 - Norms set for the Discharge of Functions [Section 4(1)(b)(iv)] ]


5.1 Please provide the details of the norms/standards set by the public authority for the discharge of its functions/delivery of services.


  1. Observation Homes

Observation Homes are meant for temporary reception of any juvenile in conflict with during the pendency of any inquiry regarding them under the Act

(1) The following procedure to be followed in respect of newly admitted juveniles.

    Observation Homes are meant for temporary reception of any juvenile in conflict with during the pendency of any inquiry regarding them under the Act

    (1) The following procedure to be followed in respect of newly admitted juveniles.

  1. To counsel the child and the parent or guardian, to help the child to grow up as a good citizen
  2. To provide and facilitate useful skills including education and vocational training in the Observation Home.
  3. To provide for the child continuing the education, vocational training etc., after leaving the Observation Home by networking with other Agencies, Fit Institutions, Fit Persons, the community etc;
  4. To inculcate self discipline and emotional stability in the child and
  5. To help in the all round development of the child
(2) The child shall initially be accommodated in a reception unit and later segregated as per age, as required under section 8 (4) and separated from old acquaintances and bad influences

(3) In respect of newly admitted children, the name and address of the parent / guardian of the child shall be ascertained and they shall immediately be informed of the detention of the child.

(4) The procedure prescribed in schedule – 4 shall be followed in respect of newly admitted Children

(5) A schedule orientation for the newly admitted child shall be followed for
  1. Counseling the child and parent / guardian
  2. Self – improvement opportunities, short term vocational training, academic education and library
  3. Institutional discipline, standards of behaviour, respect for elders, teachers etc.,
  4. Health, sanitation, hygiene

(6) A case history of the child admitted to an institution shall be maintained continuously which may give information collected through available sources, including home, parents or guardians, employer school, friends and community. The educational level a vocational aptitude of the child may also be assessed. The appropriate linkages may also be established with outside specialists and community based welfare agencies, psychologist, child guidance clinic hospital and local doctors, open school, Jan shikshana samastan etc. A care and rehabilitation plan for each child shall be drawn by the Case Worker and placed before the Monitoring and Evaluation Committee.

(7) All residents in the Observation Home shall be given work like:

  1. Self-help in maintaining their own Establishment
  2. Cleaning of open spaces and gardening
  3. Preliminary operations for crafts

(8) The Superintendent shall supervise, advise and ensure control over the above issues and record the same in the Daily journal

       2. Special Home :

Special Homes are meant for the juvenile who have sentenced by the Juvenile Justice Boards.

(1) The objectives of the special home are:

  1. to provide and facilitate academic educational and vocational training to the child;
  2. to inculcate self discipline and emotional stability in the child
  3. to help in the all round development of the child
  4. to ensure that the child becomes self reliant on his or her discharge from the Special Home
  5. to provide for the child continuing the education, vocational training etc., after leaving the Observation Home by networking with other agencies, fit institutions, fit persons, the community etc.
  6. (2) The State Government / voluntary organizations shall set up separate homes for children in conflict with law in the manner prescribed below

    1. While children of both sexes below 10 years may be kept in the same home, separate facilities shall be maintained for boys and girls above 7 years of age
    2. Separate special homes should be set up for boys and girls in the age group of 10-18 years
    3. The procedure prescribed in schedule –4 shall be followed in respect of newly admitted Children

    (3) Each Special Home shall be a comprehensive child-care center. The center should promote an integrated approach to child care by involving the community and local NGO’s. The activities of the center should include establishing linkages with organizations and individuals who can provide support services to children. These centers should encourage volunteers to provide for various services for children and their families

    (4) Each special home shall have the facilities as prescribed in schedule – 5

    (5) The Special Home shall provide:

    1. Education: The Home shall provide education to all children according to the age and ability either both inside the Home or outside, as per the requirement
    2. Vocational Training: Each Home shall facilitate useful vocational training under the guidance of trained instructors. The Home shall develop networking with institute of technical instruction of trained instructors (ITI), Jan Shikshan Sanstan, community polytechnic schemes, Government and private organization / enterprises, agencies / NGOs with expertise, or placement agencies
    3. Counseling: Each Home shall have the services of a trained counselor. Services of Child Guidance Center, Psychology and Psychiatric Departments or similar agency may also be availed of
    4. Recreation facilities: It must include indoor and outdoor games, music, news paper, picnics and outing, cultural programmes etc., on a regular basis

    (6) Visitors are allowed to visit Observation Homes and Special homes with the permission of the Commissioner / Superintendent of Home / Home Committee

    Children’s Home

    Children Homes are meant for reception of children in need of care and protection during the pendency of any inquiry and subsequently for their care, treatment, education, training, development and rehabilitation

    (1) The objective of the Children’s Home is to restore the child to theparent / guardian. The child and parent / guardian shall be appropriately counseled for the effective reintegration of the child with the family. Where it is not practicable to restore the child to the parent / guardian, the child shall be provide all facilities for the child’s all round development, education, vocational training and inculcating self-discipline and emotional stability in the child, to make the child self-reliant on leaving the children’s home. The emphases in the children’s home shall be on the reintegration of the child with the family and the all round development of the child and not on the child’s detention in the home. the shall also network with other agencies to help in the child’s education vocational training etc.

    (2) As soon as a child in need of care and protection is brought to a children’s home, every effort should be made to ascertain the name and address of the parent / guardian of the child. The case worker land the NGO working with the children should try to contact the patent / guardian of the child directly, or through the local networks, police, child line as well as through the District Probation Officer and the intake procedure in sub rule (5) (c) of rule 14 be followed. The child should be counseled to rejoin the parent or the guardian. During the interregnum, the newly admitted child should be placed in a reception unit and should be given short-term vocational training as well as academic educational appropriate to the child’s age.

    (3) The State Government / voluntary organizations shall set up separate homes for children in need of care and protection, in the manner prescribed below:

    1. While children of both sexes below 10 years may be kept in the same home, separate facilities shall be maintained for boys and girls above 5 years of age
    2. Separate children’s homes should be set up for boys and girls in the age group of 10-18 years

    (4) Each children’s home should be comprehensive child care center. The home should promote an integrated approach to child-care by involving the community and local NGO’s. The activities of the center should include.

    1. Family based services such as foster family care, adoption and sponsorship;
    2. Linking up with Integrated Child Development Services to cater to the needs of children below 6 years
    3. To Establish linkages with organizations and individuals who can provide support services to children

    (5) The procedure to be followed and the facilities to be provided in the children’s Homes

    1. Physical Infrastructure: It should include separated facilities for children in the age group of 0-5 year with appropriate facilities for the infants. Separate facilities for children in the above the age of 5 years and below the age of 10 years having different dormitories for boys and girls. The standard of accommodation as prescribed in Rule 24 shall apply. There should be adequate lighting, ventilation, heating and cooling arrangements, drinking and toilets
    2. The children’s home shall also have the facilities prescribed in schedule – 5 and under rule 14(5)
    3. Intake Procedure: Every new child who is brought to the Home, shall immediately be taken charge of by the counselor / child welfare officer / designated officer / home committee, as the case may be. The child shall be received with due case. A brief orientation shall be given to the child on induction to remove any inhibition form the mind of the child. The child shall immediately be given bath, clothing, food etc., and medically examined. The name of the child shall be entered in the admission register and appropriate accommodation be allocated to the child. The further procedure prescribed in schedule –4 shall be followed
    4. Visitors are allowed to visit the home with the permission of the Commissioner / Superintendent of the Home / Home Committees
    5. The Superintendent / Project manager shall maintain a visitors Book. The remarks of the visitors shall be considered by the Home Committee
    6. While visiting an institution, the visitors will not say or do anything, which undermines the authority of the Superintendent / Project manager or is in contravention any law or rule or impinges on the dignity of the child
    7. The children’s Home, being a child-care center looking after children who are not accused of any offence, should not be treated as custodial institution. In the event of a child leaving the Home without permission, no proceedings of the nature of suspension shall be automatically initiated against the staff of the Home; however an enquiry shall be conducted to ascertain whether the staff have acted in good faith and disciplinary action shall be initiated only when lack of good faith is Established. The information about the child leaving the home without permission shall be sent to the family of the child, if their address is known and to the police. The detailed report along with the efforts to trace the child shall be sent to the committee for information in the subsequent sitting of the committee
    After Care Organization

    After care organization is meant for taking charge of juveniles or children after the leave special homes, children homes for the purpose of enabling them to lead an honest, industries and useful life

    (1) The Objective of After care organizations is to enable the children to be reintegrated in to the society during their stay in these transitional homes, the children should be encouraged to move away from an institution based life to a normal one. The stay in the home is extendable up to three years, but not beyond the youth attaining the age of 20 years or till rehabilitation, which ever is earlier.

    (2) The key components of the model include setting up of temporary homes for a group of youth who can be encouraged to learn a trade and contribute towards the rent as well as the running of the home. There should also be provision for a peer counselor. This counselor will be in regular contact with these youth to discuss their rehabilitation plans and provide creative outlets for their energy and to tide over crisis periods in their life. The grou of youth who would station separately for their rehabilitation must also have a mentor in addition to the counselor.

    (3) One career counselor shall be in charge of a cluster of five homes. Each home would house six to eight youths who could opt to stay together on their own.

    (4) The pattern of the after care home for 40 residents shall be as follows:

    1. Placement officer / counsellores (in the cadre of DRO, Gr.I)
    2. Instructors for skill up-gradation
    3. A typist cum clerk can be appointed, depending on the workload
    4. A peer counselor and a carrer counselor shall also be provided with suitable honorarium
    5. The progremmes under the scheme would include:
      1. Continuing of education, training with sponsorship support still completion of the course
      2. Facilitating employement generation for these youth would be a key progreamme. After the youth has saved a sufficient amount, she / he can be encouraged to stay in a place of her / his own and move out of the group home. Additionally the youth could continue staying in the home and contribute to the up keep of the Home. The youth learning a vocational trade could be given a stipend. This would be stopped once the youth gets a job;
      3. Loans to these youth to set up entrepreneurial activities could also be arranged in consultation with local / district administration
      4. A peer counselor would also be available for the youth at these homes;
      5. The maintenance of the residents of homes will be as in the case of children’s / special homes, as far as feasible. The youth will however be required to prepare their own food.
      6. In the case of children prosecuting professional courses, the state Govt. shall meet the expenditure on his or her education, boarding and lodging in the concerned student hostels, such stay of the individual may be treated as an extension of the After Care Programme.