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Avoid consanguineous marriages – a main cause for disability.
Low birth weight increases the risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and stroke in adulthood.
Ensure proper nutrition to children during their first two years to prevent the irreparable, lifelong harm that results from early childhood under nutrition
Preventing infants and young children from becoming undernourished is much more effective than treating children who are already moderately malnourished.
Every second newborn has reduced learning capacity due to iodine deficiency – use and promote iodised salt.
Use iodised salt – prevent physical and mental impairment, cretinism, deaf function, hyperthyroidism (goiter), increased rate of abortions and still births.
By breast feeding, mother sheds weight gained during pregnancy and regains her original posture.
Smoking and alcohol is one of the most common cause of male impotence. It causes loss of sperm cells and increase in abnormal sperms leading to abnormalities in newborns.
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  Integrated Child Development Services(ICDS)
  • The ICDS Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme and is the single largest integrated programme of Child Development. It was started in 1975-76 in 2 Blocks of the State on a pilot basis. The concept of Universalization of ICDS with quality and the revised norms of AWCS / ICDS in April, 2007 increased the spread of ICDS.
     
      Services Provided by ICDS Scheme
     

    a)

    Supplementary Nutrition to 6 months to 6 years aged children, Pregnant and Lactating Mothers.

    b)

    Non-formal Pre-School Education to 3-6 years Children

    c)

    Immunization to Children and Women.

    The services are provided with active co-ordination with the community and line Departments concerned.

    d)

    Health check-ups to Children and Women

    e)

    Referral services to Children and Women

    f)

    Health & Nutrition Education to Children, Women and Adolescent Girls.

Mandate, Goals and Policy frame work

  • To reduce Malnutrition in 0-6 year Children.
  • Reduction of Children with low Birth Weight.
  • To reduce Infant Mortality Rate.
  • To reduce Maternal Mortality Rate.
  • To educate Mothers about Nutrition & Health.
  • To reduce anemia, Vitamin A deficiency and Iodine deficiency among the Children below 6 years and Mothers.
  • To improve the Feeding Practices.
  • To achieve the above goals Supplementary Nutrition Programme is provided to the Children 0-6 years, Pregnant and Lactating Mothers.

The coverage of beneficiaries, during the previous years are as follows:-

 

Year

 

Projects

 

No. of AWCs

Beneficiaries

Women

Children

Total

2007-2008

385

73,944

61,87,882

77,42,986

1,39,30,868

2008-2009

385

73,944

1,16,90,063

59,72,851

1,76,62,914

2009-2010

385

73,944

1,17,02,400

60,70,620

1,77,73,020

Out of the total 73,944 Main AWCs 61,880 are in Rural Areas, 7,021 are in Urban Area and 5,043 are in Tribal Areas. In addition 7,621 Mini AWCs are also in operation all over the State.

SUPPLEMENTARY NUTRITION PROGRAMME (SNP):-

Supplementary Nutrition Programme is being implemented in 387 ICDS Projects covering 91,307 Anganwadi Centers. At present the coverage of beneficiaries under SNP component is 76 (average by saturation) for 1,000 population. Total coverage of Beneficiaries category wise is as follows:-

Sl.No.

Types of Food

Projects

AWCs

 Beneficiaries

1.

Ready To Eat (RTE) Food

220

51,467

31,57,884

2.

Local Food Model (LFM)

159

38,239

20,98,723

3.

Community Managed SNP (Local Food)

2

578

36,555

4.

Nandi Foundation

5

907

85,656

5.

Akshyapatra Foundation

1

116

10,364

 

Total

387

91,307

53,89,182


  a) Cost:-

Government of India have revised the cost norms relating to implementation of SNP under ICDS scheme and communicated the revised rates. Government of A.P. vide G.O.Rt.No.176, WD CW & DW (ICDS) Dept., Dt.09.06.2009 have accorded permission to incur the expenditure on SNP under ICDS Scheme as per GOI revised norms and the rates have been increased as follows:-

  • Rs.4/- per Child per day.
  • Rs.5/- per Adult per day.   
  • Rs.6/- per Malnourished Children.            

Three Types Food Models are given to the Children 6 Months to 6 years and Pregnant & Lactating Women.

1) Ready to Eat Food (RTE)
  a) RTE / Modern Therapeutic Food supplied by A.P. Foods.
  b) Three types of Hot Cooked Food Premixes, supplied by   A.P. Foods,
        1. Halwa Mix.
        2. Kichidi Mix.
        3. Upma Mix.

2) Local Food Model:- Ration is supplied by the Project Directors through District Purchase Committee.
i) Hot Pongal
ii) Broken Wheat Kichidi.

Hot Cooked Food is supplied through Anganwadi Centers for the Children age group of 3-6 years.

3) CMSNP:- Supplied Jowar Mix by Mothers Groups.
Take Home Ration is being given for 6M – 3Ys, Pregnant & Lactating Women once in 15 days. Hot cooked food is being given to 3-6 years Children at AWCs.

b) Ration Size:-

Increased Ration Size as per revised cost norms.
For Children 6 Months to 6 Years    -       90 gms.
For Pregnant & Lactating Mothers   -       140 gms.
For malnourished Children             -       140 gms.

As per Government of India norms, the nutritive values i.e., Calories and Proteins is as follows:-

Sl.
No.

Beneficiaries

Calories
(Cal)

Protein

a.

Children 0-3 Years

500

12-15

b.

Children 3-6 Years

500

12-15

c.

Severely malnourished Children

800

20-25

d.

Pregnant & Lactating

600

18-20


c) Policy Initiatives:-

To encourage community participation and also to decentralize the supply of SNP in ICDS Projects, the CMSNP is being implemented in 4 ICDS Projects. The Mothers Committee is entrusted with the preparing and supplying the food to the Anganwadi Centers. There are 17 groups consisting of 10 members participating in 4 ICDS Projects covering 669 AWCs. Each group supplies the food to 30 to 50 Anganwadi Centers.

A Non-Government organization by name Rastriya Seva Samithi in Thirupathi, Chittoor District is providing service under Integrated Child Development Scheme. Supplementary Nutrition Programme is also being operated by this organization in Thirupathi Rural Project.

In two pilot Projects in the Districts of Visakhapatnam and Karimnagar, the Mothers Committees in these Districts are involved in the activities of supply chain distribution, stock maintenance of stock register accounts, and need based management. In Bheemili Project of Visakhapatnam, Mothers Committee is involved, in supplying material from Project Center to all the AWCs of the Project, at Stage-II supply. They procure the provisions from PDS and open market. A need based management strategy has been developed and it gave lot of confidence to the community. They are now aware of supply chain, maintenance of accounts and Registers, transactions through banks, stock monitoring and effective and efficient use of commodities.

CHILD ADOPTION

      Adoption undoubtedly offers an important avenue for the care and protection of an abandoned, destitute or neglected child in a family setting and provides an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding for the realization of his / her talents and potentials. It carries with it all the emotional, physical and material security necessary for the proper development of the child and also serves as the most reliable means of preventing situations associated with the abuse, exploitation and social maladjustment of abandoned, destitute and neglected children. The main purpose of adoption is to provide family to the destitute and neglected children. .

        The Supreme Court of India has formulated certain guidelines in respect of in-country as well as inter-country adoption. As a part of the guidelines the Government of India has constituted Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA) at all India level on 03-07-1990, which is the nodal body of the ministry of Women Development & Child Welfare Department GOI to deal with all adoptive matters. The CARA issues guidelines from time to time to the States for both in-country and inter-country adoptions. It also acts as clearing house of information in regard to children available for in country and inter-country adoptions to monitor regulate and develop programmes for rehabilitation of children through adoption.

ADOPTION COORDINATING AGENCY (ACA)

  1. There is a Central Agency i.e. Voluntary Co-ordinating Agency (VCA) now it is renamed as ADOPTION COORDINATING AGENCY (ACA) in the state under the control of Women Development and Child Welfare Department to promote Indian adoption and for generating awareness on adoption.
  2. In ACA registers will be maintained for all prospective adoptive parents and available children for adoption.
  3. It coordinates with other ACAs across the country.
  4. Where Indian placement is not materialized clearance certificate is issued for Inter country adoption.
  5. Inter Country Adoption VCA receives grant in aid from CARA towards salaries of the staff and maintenance.

SHISHUGRAHA:- 

Central Adoption resources Agency (CARA) has sanctioned 10 units of Shishugruhas for Andhra Pradesh State along with budget   during the year 2003-04, vide Reference No.22-14/01/CM (AC), Dt.05.08.03, to be located in 10 drought prone districts. Such as Ranga Reddy, Nalgonda, Warangal, Adilabad, Kurnool, Ananthapur, Visakhapatnam, Krishna, Prakasham and Khammam Districts. After completion of regular process of adoptions the children of Sishugreh are being placed for adoption.

Sl.No.

Name of the
 District

Name of the Shishugruhas working under control of Project Director

Email Ids

Phone Numbers

1

Ongole

Project Director, Ongole

Bplingam_vemuluri@yahoo.co.in (or) eshwaralingam@yahoo.com

08592 -235304

2

Kurnool

Project Director, Kurnool

pdkurnool@rediffmail.com

08518 -277721

3

Nalgonda

Project Director, Nalgonda

Venugopalrao.parimi@gmail.com

08682 -245983

4

Warangal

Project Director, Warangal

Sekhar_adelly@yahoo.co.in

0870 -2550359

5

Visakhapatnam

Project Director, Visakhapatnam

pdvizag@yahoo.co.in

0891-2706156 / 2503893

6

Vijayawada

Project Director, Vijayawada

dzvk_2005@yahoo.com

08922 -277985

7

Adilabad

Project Director, Adilabad

 

08732 -236630

8

Anantapur

Project Director, Anantapur

afrindm2005@yahoo.com

08554 -232337

9

Ranga Reddy

Project Director, Ranga Reddy

Pd_dwcdarrd@rediffmail.com

040 -23240023

10

Khammam

Project Director Khammam

Pd_kmm@yahoo.in

08742 -255857


PROCEDURE FOR IN-COUNTRY ADOPTION

  • Prospective adoptive parent(s) should submit their application in prescribed format along with necessary documents  for adoption in triplicate to the local Sisugrahas / Project Director DW & CDA of concern District / The State Adoption Cell Office of Directorate WD&CW Department Hyderabad
  • A home study report of the prospective adoptive parents will be prepared by the social worker of the Agency / Department.
  •  The application of PAPs will be placed in seniority list. The application will be processed according to the seniority, categories wise i.e. Male/Female and the age group of children (below one year/ 1-3 year/ above 3 year) being maintained separately.
  • After the CWC declares the child as abandoned then the child will be   matched to the PAPs as per their eligibility on the above category when their turn comes in the seniority.
  • The Prospective adoptive parents will be allowed to take the child for medical tests.
  • Once a successful matching has been done, the child was placed under foster care to Prospective adoptive parents by executing a bond on Rs.10/- bond paper in favour of Director WD&CW Department.
  • The Prospective adoptive parents they will file a petition with in 45 days of foster care in the family Court / City Civil Court JJ Board for obtaining the necessary order under the relevant ACT. The children can be legally placed with the parents(s) under HAMA / GAWA / JJ-Act 2000.
  • The Adoption will be registered after legalization of adoption.
  • The form I will be submitted to MCH concerned Municipalities in the District for issue of Date of Birth certificate after registration.

Follow up visits:-

  • It should be followed by regular follow – up visits and post adoption counseling by the social worker till the child is adjusted in the new environment for a period of two years.

Waiting Period:-

PAP’s who applied for

Waiting Period

Gender

Age Group

Female

Below 1 year

1 year 6 Months

Female

1-3 years

1 year 6 Months

Female

Above 3 Years

10 Months

Male

Below 1 year

3 years

Male

1-3 years

3 years

Male

Above 3 Years

2 & 1/2 years

Status of Adoption Files being processed

MALE

  1. Below 1 yr – July’ 2007
  2. 1-3 yrs – March’ 2007

FEMALE

  1. Below 1 yr – Dec’ 2008
  2. 1-3 yrs – Oct’ 2008
  3. Above 3 yrs – August’ 2009
  4. Above 3 yrs – May’ 2008

Criteria for Prospective Adoptive Parents including single Parents:-

  • Prospective Adoptive Parents having a composite age of 90 years and less and where neither parent has crossed 45 years can be considered for adoption of Infant children.
  • In case of Special needs children with medical problems, the age limit of adoptive parent(s) may be relaxed by concerned State Government.
  • Single person who has in the age of 30-45 years and who fulfill the other criteria can also adopt and the age difference between the single parent and the child should be 21 years. 
  • The prospective parent(s) should have a regular source of income with a minimum average monthly income of at least Rs.5000/- per month.
  • The child crossed 6 years consent of the child should be taken before adoption.

Inter Country adoptions:

  1. CARA, New Delhi have issued the Recognition  Certificate for dealing Inter Country adoption cases of Indian Children and handling the related matters on adoption to the Director, it is valid for the period from 04-07-2008 to 03-07-2011.
  2. It is submitted that from 2008 to 2010 till now 32 applications were received from parents residing abroad.
  3. 9 Applications were received for Special Need Children. The Applications are under process.
  4. For the Inter Country Adoptions the service charge is $3500. It is fixed as per the CARA guidelines.
  5. 7 applications were sent to CARA for the purpose of NOC.
  6. 7 NOCs received from CARA, New Delhi.
  7. 7 applications legalization of Adoption is Completed.
  8. In Inter Country Adoptions Preference is being given to AP Origin NRIs. For totally Foreigners providing only special need children due to huge pendancy of applications for in country.
  9. one application legalization of Adoption is completed and Processing is going on for Passport and VISA.
  10. one application submitted to CARA for the purpose of NOC for Special Need Child.
  11. FCRA certificate is not at received from the Ministry of Home affairs.
  12. 7 more PAPs are awaiting for the matching of the Children. 
  13. 7 Special need children are matched with PAPs, Inter Country Adoption is under Process.
  14. For further Guidelines for In Country & Inter Country please visit the CARA Website www.adoptionindia.nic.in

STATUS OF ADOPTIONS:

Year

Number of adoptions given

2007

167

2008

194

2009

236 (5 Children Given for Inter Country Adoption

2010
(Up to May 2010)

92 (2 Child Given for Inter Country Adoption)


 

STATUS REPORT OF IN-COUNTRY & INTER COUNTRY ADOPTIONS
FOR THE  YEARS
2000 -  2010, May

YEAR

IN-COUNTRY

INTER COUNTRY

TOTAL

2000

116

17

133

2001

77

12

89

2002

148

5

153

2003

92

1

93

2004

97

2

99

2005

93

0

93

2006

104

0

104

2007

167

0

167

2008

193

1

194

2009

231

5

236

2010

90

2

92

GRAND TOTAL

1408

45

1453


BALIKA MANDALS
A “Balika Mandal” is formed with 25-30 Adolescent Girls in the age group of 11-18 years in a village both with school dropouts and school going girls.
  • Since year 2000, 63 projects are covered @ 11 AWCs per Project per year sanctioned.
  • During 2005-06, all 376 projects are covered @ 11 AWCs per project.
  • 11,340 numbers of Balika Mandals are formed with 3.40 Lakh Adolescent Girls, so far.
  • The girls are attached to local AWC and given awareness on social issues like Child marriages, Child trafficking and hygiene, health, nutrition.  Skill Development training in Home-based activities are provided.
  • IFA tablets are being provided to 4,89,360 Adolescent Girl in 16,312 AWCs covered in Indiramma villages.
  • Peer group Education, Orientation trainings and Age at marriage, Registration of marriages, HIV / AIDS, Anti-trafficking, Iron Deficiency Disorders, Feeding Practices etc., is given.
GIRL CHILD PROTECTION SCHEME

The GCPS scheme was launched on 8th March, 2005 which is a novel and first of its kind in the Country with the main objective of giving protection to girl child. G.O.Ms.No.33, Women Development Child Welfare & Disabled Welfare (JJ.A1) Department, Dt.18.12.2009 has been issued with following aims.

Objectives of the Scheme: -

  • Promote enrollment and retention of the girl child in school and to ensure her education at least up to intermediate level.
  • Encourage girls to get married only after the age of 18 years.
  • Encourage parents to adopt family planning norms with two girl children.
  • Protect the rights of the girl child and provide social and financial empowerment to girl child.
  • Eliminate negative cultural attitudes and practices against girls.
  • Strengthen the role of the family in improving the status of the girl child.
  • Extend a special dispensation to orphans / destitutes and differently abled girls.

for more details on GCPS visit GCPS Website

EDUCATION IN CHILDREN HOMES

The department is running 81 Children Homes in the state which are meant for girl orphans / semi orphans / Children of disabled parents and ex-servicemen. Children in the age group of 6-10 years and in special cases upto 12 years are admitted. Children are provided boarding / shelter / clothing / medical care till 10th class or 18 years of age which ever is earlier. For overall improvements of Children knowledge certain innovative schemes like computer training / sports yoga / special coaching for 6th to 10th Classes / bulbuls and guides / training in creative arts are introduced.   

INSTITUTIONAL SERVICES FOR ORPHANS/DESTITUTES THROUGH:
  1. Children Homes
  2. Collegiate Homes
TRAINING PROGRAMMES THROUGH:
  1. Mahila Pranganams in each of the 23 districts
SUPPORT FOR PERSUING HIGHER EDUCATION THROUGH :
  1. Full Reimbursments of fees/Scholarships for SC's/ST's/BC's/Minority/Disabled/Econamically poor with anual income of RS 1 lakh and below
  2. 70% reservation for Orphans/Destitutes/ in diploma courses at Durgabhai Deshmuk Women's Technical Training Institute at Yousafguda - Hyderabad
CHILD PROTECTION ISSUES - INITIATIVES OF POLICE DEPARTMENT, GOVERNMENT OF ANDHRA PRADESH.

 By Police Department :

            In view of growing incidents of violence against children, the AP Police Dept has taken up the following steps to safe guard the rights of children and also to  protect the physical integrity, dignity and privacy of the children : -

  • Designated all SHOs/ SIs of all Police Stations including Railway Police Stations as Child Welfare Officers (CWOs) and following instructions issued : -

1.   to Ss.P/Ss. RP/ Cs.P to arrange for a display of sign in a conspicuous manner;

2.  to create Child Friendly environment at all SJPUs and Police Stations;

3.  Unit Officers to liaise with Women & Child Development, Juvenile Welfare Depts and related NGOs.

            from Cir Memo No RC.No.56/PL/1/2003 dated 28-1-2008.

  • Issued “Dos and Donts” Guidelines for Police Officers while dealing with issues pertaining to children in need of care and protection, juveniles in conflict with law.    
  • Communicated a Handout on Child Protection Issues duly giving the gist of Child Rights , Acts in force etc to all Unit Officers with instructions to be in touch with Child Welfare Committees, Council for Human Welfare ,NGOs like Child Line , Divya Disha, Prajwala, ,Ankuram etc  - Cir Memo No RC.No.56/PL/1/2003 dated 18-2-2009. 

  • Instructions issued to carry out orientation at Departmental/ District/ Div Training Centres and also during crime meetings on behavioural pattern which has to be followed when women or children approach them for any purpose. To take serious action against the SHO’s who misbehave with woman or child – Cir Memo No RC.No.56/PL/1/2003 dated 19-3-2008.

  • A.P.Police Academy has conducted a focused training for all the DCRBx Inspectors who are designated as Special Juvenile Police Unit Officers.

  • The Additional DGP, CID , A.P,  who is Anti Trafficking Nodal officer also monitors Juvenile and Child Protection issues.
  • Institutionalized the Juvenile Welfare System in AP Police. All Unit Officers to be touch with Child Welfare Committees and also NGOs in all the districts.
  • Imparted training to Sub Inspectors of Police on all Acts like ITP, JJ CPC, Child Marriage Prohibition , PNDT and other related legislations at the basic training.